Hops

Leaf Hops

Outside Japan there is a whole range of beer ingredients, but in Japan the range is more limited. When I read a recipe, it’s difficult for me to know whether the right bits are available – and it doesn’t help that online stores use Japanese Kana rather than English names, so I can’t quickly scan the websites to check.

At the moment I’m looking at hops. To help me out I’ve translated the hops available at Sakeland. Although there are other suppliers, Sakeland is the one I have used so far, and the hop leaf range is the same as that in Tokyu Hands. And I have to start somewhere.

Where Sakeland has mentioned it, I’ve listed the style of beer Sakeland recommends the hops for. I’ve also taken notes from How To Brew.

Hop Leaf

From the Sakeland photos, these appear to be the same Youngsubrew 113g packs as sold in Tokyu Hands. There’s some confusion about AA content, however. Take “Halletau” – the Tokyu Hands photo shows “Alpha 2.5%” written on the pack, but both Toyku Hands and Sakeland list the AA as 2.1%. I’m guessing the Tokyu Hands photos are those of an old harvest (they are labelled “Harvest 2005”).

Another confusion is country of origin. All Youngsubrew 113g packs are labelled “Product of the UK”, even Saaz. But Sakeland also sells smaller 30g packs. I assumed those were just opened Youngsubrew packs split into smaller packs, but Sakeland list the 30g Saaz as “Czech production”. Is it a different Saaz? Is it a website mistake? Is the Youngsubrew label wrong? I don’t know.

Saaz (Czech production) – ザーツ(チェコ産)
Pilsner, Lager, Wheat AA3.0%

Aroma Hop
Grown: Czechoslovakia
Profile: Delicate, mild, floral aroma
Usage: Finishing for Bohemian style lagers
Example: Pilsener Urquell
AA Range: 2 – 5%
Substitute: Tettnang, Spalt, Ultra (some would claim there is no substitute)

Cascade – カスケード
Pale Ale, IPA, Porter, Barley Wine AA4.0%

Aroma Hop
Grown: US
Profile: Strong spicy, floral, citrus (i.e. grapefruit) aroma.
Usage: The defining aroma for American style Pale ales. Used for bittering, finishing, and especially dry hopping.
Example: Anchor Liberty Ale & Old Foghorn Barleywine, Sierra Nevada Pale Ale
AA Range: 4.5 – 8%
Substitute: Centennial

Hallertaur Hersbrucker – ハラタウヘルスブルッカー
Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat AA2.1%

Aroma Hop
Grown: Germany
Profile: Pleasant, spicy/mild, noble, earthy aroma
Usage: Finishing for German style lagers
Example: Wheathook Wheaten Ale
AA Range: 2.5 – 5%
Substitute: Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal, Ultra

Fuggles – ファッグル
Ale, Bitter, Lager AA4.0%

Aroma Hop
Name: Fuggles
Grown: UK, US, and other areas
Profile: Mild, soft, grassy, floral aroma
Usage: Finishing / dry hopping for all ales, dark lagers
Example: Samuel Smith’s Pale Ale, Old Peculiar, Thomas Hardy’s Ale
AA Range: 3.5 – 5.5%
Substitute: East Kent Goldings, Willamette, Styrian Goldings

Goldings – ゴールディングス
Pale Ale, IPA, Porter, Stout AA4.5%

Aroma Hop
Name: East Kent Goldings (EKG)
Grown: UK
Profile: Spicy/floral, earthy, rounded, mild aroma; spicy flavor
Usage: Bittering, finishing, dry hopping for British style ales
Example: Young’s Special London Ale, Samuel Smith’s Pale Ale, Fuller’s ESB
AA Range: 4.5 – 7%
Substitute: BC Goldings, Whitbread Goldings Variety

Northern Brewer – リーフホップ ノーザンフルーワー
AA7.5%
Note: On the pack in Tokyu Hands this is listed as HALL/NORTHERN BREWER.

Bittering Hop
Grown: UK, US, Germany (called Hallertauer NB), and other areas (growing region affects profile greatly)
Profile: Hallertauer NB has a fine, fragrant aroma; Dry, clean bittering hop
Usage: Bittering and finishing for a wide variety of beers
Example: Old Peculiar (bittering), Anchor Liberty (bittering), Anchor Steam (bittering, flavoring, aroma)
AA Range: 7 – 10%
Substitute: Perle

Centennial – センテニアル
American Ale AA9.2%

Bittering Hop
Name: Centennial
Grown: US
Profile: Spicy, floral, citrus aroma, often referred to as Super Cascade because of the similarity; A clean bittering hop.
Usage: General purpose bittering, aroma, some dry hopping
Example: Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale, Sierra Nevada Bigfoot Ale
AA Range: 9 – 11.5%
Substitute: Cascade, Columbus

Liberty – リバティ
Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat AA4.1%

Aroma Hop
Grown: US
Profile: Fine, very mild aroma. One of three hops bred as domestic replacements for Hallertauer Mittelfrüh.
Usage: Finishing for German style lagers
Example: Pete’s Wicked Lager
AA Range: 2.5 – 5%
Substitute: Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Hallertauer Hersbruck, Mt. Hood, Crystal, Ultra

Galena – ガレナ
Ale, Porter, Stout, Bitter AA13.2%

Bittering Hop
Grown: US
Profile: Strong, clean bittering hop
Usage: General purpose bittering
Example: The most widely used commercial bittering hop in the US.
AA Range: 12 – 14%
Substitute: Cluster, Northern Brewer, Nugget

Pellets

Some of these are also in the leaf section – but AA content seems to be different in some cases, so I am guessing the suppliers are different.

Saaz (Czech production) – ザーツ(チェコ産)
Pilsner, Lager, Wheat – AA3.5

Aroma Hop
Grown: Czechoslovakia
Profile: Delicate, mild, floral aroma
Usage: Finishing for Bohemian style lagers
Example: Pilsener Urquell
AA Range: 2 – 5%
Substitute: Tettnang, Spalt, Ultra (some would claim there is no substitute)

Nuggets – ナゲット
Ale, Stout, Lager, Black Rock East India Pale Ale – AA13.6

Bittering Hop
Grown: US
Profile: Heavy, spicy, herbal aroma; Strong bittering hop
Usage: Strong bittering, some aroma uses
Example: Sierra Nevada Porter & Bigfoot Ale, Anderson Valley ESB
AA Range: 12 – 14%
Substitute: Galena, Chinook, Cluster

Hallertaur Hersbrucker – ハラタウヘルスブルッカー
Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat – AA2.6

Aroma Hop
Grown: Germany
Profile: Pleasant, spicy/mild, noble, earthy aroma
Usage: Finishing for German style lagers
Example: Wheathook Wheaten Ale
AA Range: 2.5 – 5%
Substitute: Hallertauer Mittelfrüh, Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal, Ultra

Galena – ガレナ
Ale, Porter, Stout, Bitter – AA12.0

Bittering Hop
Grown: US
Profile: Strong, clean bittering hop
Usage: General purpose bittering
Example: The most widely used commercial bittering hop in the US.
AA Range: 12 – 14%
Substitute: Cluster, Northern Brewer, Nugget

Cascade カスケード
Pale Ale, IPA, Porter, Barley Wine – AA5.7

Aroma Hop
Grown: US
Profile: Strong spicy, floral, citrus (i.e. grapefruit) aroma.
Usage: The defining aroma for American style Pale ales. Used for bittering, finishing, and especially dry hopping.
Example: Anchor Liberty Ale & Old Foghorn Barleywine, Sierra Nevada Pale Ale
AA Range: 4.5 – 8%
Substitute: Centennial

Other

Sakeland also mentioned these hops when recommending hops for particular styles of beer. They don’t seem to sell them though!

Amarillo – アマリロ
Ale, IPA

No description of this on How to Brew, but I did a bit of research (since I found an appealing recipe which uses it). Amarillo is described as having a lot of “citrus and spice” and this website says:

“Amarillo is a relatively new American hop variety that has been described as “super cascade.” The bitterness is between 5 and 11% AAU, making Amarillo a good hop for flavor and aroma additions. The flavor profile is very citrusy, especially leaning toward a distinct orange flavor and aroma.”

I’m getting the feeling that Amarillo, Centennial, and Cascade will have similar tastes, just varying in intensity – though obviously that’s just guesswork until I try them out!

Magnum – マグナム
Ale, Stout, Lager

No description of this on How to Brew, and I’ve not yet read up on it.

Target – ターゲット
Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat

Grown: UK
Profile: Strong herbal aroma can be too strong for lagers; A clean bittering hop.
Usage: Widely used bittering and flavoring hop for strong ales.
Example: Fuller’s Hock, Morrells Strong Country Bitter
AA Range: 8 – 10%
Substitute: Northdown

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